EFFECT OF BANDITS' ATTACKS ON FOOD SECURITY IN NIGERIA: A REVIEW

Author(s): Ameh, Emmanuel Ugbedeojo.
Volume/Issue: Volume 3 , Issue 1 (2023)

ABSTRACT:

This study objectively examined the scourge of banditry on farming, causes of banditry in Nigerian rural communities, and the socio-economic implications of bandit’s attacks on food security. The study adopted secondary method of data collection, by utilizing information published in news papers, articles, and media. Rational choice theory and Queer Ladder Theory (QLT) were used as the theoretical framework or the paper, which revealed that banditry is premeditated and motivated by the needs for money, due to various societal negative conditions such as; poverty, clashes between farmers and headers, religious extremism and proliferation of arms. In conclusion, the prime victims of banditry are rural community dwellers due to their proximity to bushes/mountain. Farmers are kidnapped for ransom, killed and deprived access to properly cultivate and harvest their farm products unless they pay the bandits. The implication of banditry has resulted to high cost food in the market and impoverishment of citizens due to huge sum of money paid for ransoms and importations of food. Recommendations arising from these discoveries are; addition of special securities forces at border and boundaries, coordinated air raids across bushes, motivation for security personnel to perform their constitutional roles without fear or favour, good leadership and governance at the local level, and enactment of stringent laws against encroachment of farms by headers.

KEYWORDS:

Scourge, Bandits, Food Insecurity, Food Security and Rational Choice Theory and Queer Ladder Theory (QLT).