EFFECTS OF LAND USE CONFLICTS ON CROP OUTPUT OF RURAL HOUSEHOLDS IN BENUE STATE, NIGERIA

Author(s): Umaru, A., Tsado, J.H., Ajayi, O.J., Ibrahim, M.
Volume/Issue: Volume 3 , Issue 2 (2023)

ABSTRACT:

The aim of this study is to examine how land use conflicts affect crop productivity among rural households in Benue, Nigeria. For this study, one hundred and seventy (171) respondents were chosen using a three-stage selection approach. Semi-structured questionnaires were administered along with scheduled interviews to gather data. Both descriptive (frequency distribution, percentage, and mean) and inferential (multiple regression) statistics were applied to the data. The majority of respondents were men, with an average of 25 years of farming experience, according to the data. With an average family size of nine individuals and a majority of (94.2%) having reasonable level of formal education. The respondents were full-time farmers. Moreover, 842% of the farmers reported having interaction with extension agents, and 80.7% reported belonging to a cooperative group. The majority of farmers (82.5%) have loans available to them. The three most common types of land use conflicts in the research area were those involving farmers and herders, border disputes, and ethnic conflicts inside communities. Farmers perceived that the main outcomes of land use disputes were low income for farmers (2.23), poor crop output (4.29), and disruption of family members’ schooling (4.33). The result of a multiple regression analysis showed that, at different probability levels, the following variables were significant to farmers’ output: labor usage (-5.3204), fertilizer (11.7871), agro-chemical (- 739.9539), age (-121.4139), farming experience (132.9224), extension contact (409.5729), frequency of attack (-507.3467), and migration (88.2148). The study finally recommends that farmers should adopt improved farming techniques and intensive cultivation by using improved seeds and farm inputs. Also, equitable distribution of resources and promotion of mutual respect for customs and traditional institutions by the government and authority concerned was recommended.

KEYWORDS:

Land use, Land use conflicts, Crop output