FIELD PESTS OF RICE AND THEIR MANAGEMENT PRACTICES BY “FADAMA” III PARTICIPATING FARMERS IN ABUJA, NIGERIA
Author(s): Anjorin Toba Samuel*, Adeleke Bolu Deborah, Mohammed Idrisu, Larayetan Olabode Shadrack, Bamisaiye Babatunde Jide, Usman Adangara, Adebisi Olateju Omole, Olasan Olalekan Joseph
Volume/Issue: Volume 3 , Issue 2 (2023)
A diagnostic survey assessing the status of rice pests, and their management strategies by the “Fadama” III participating farmers in the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, Nigeria was carried out Data from the survey were collected from the 28 production clusters in the 10 Fadama Development Areas in the six Area Councils. Semi-structured interviews, farm diagnostic surveys, and specimens taken from rice that was afflicted with pests and disease were employed as the instruments. Armyworm, with a prevalence of 28.91%, was the insect pest species with the highest incidence among the respondents, according to the statistics. Weeds were viewed as the primary obstacle on a rice farm by the majority of the study’s participants (56.67%). The plant most resistant to herbicide application was Saciolepsis africana, with a mean frequency of 28.43%. The farmers were more concerned about managing weeds, birds and rodents on the field, but had little or no concern for rice insect pests. To enable sustainable rice production in the FCT, the implementation of a rice pest management plan for the rice farmers such as regular monitoring of pests at various growth stages and Integrated Pest Management (IPM) practices is a necessity.